Welcome to VirtuallyIslamic.com

Established in 2000 and maintained by Gary. R. Bunt, Virtually Islamic focuses on Islam, Muslims and the internet. The site contains details of conference participation, academic supervision and research activities. The VirtuallyIslamic blog is regularly updated with information about this research area. You'll also find details of Gary R. Bunt's publications, which include: Hashtag Islam: How Cyber Islamic Environments are Transforming Religious Authority (2018). iMuslims: Rewiring the House of Islam (2009). Islam in the Digital Age: E-jihad, Online Fatwas and Cyber Islamic Environments (2003) Virtually Islamic: Computer-Mediated Communication and Cyber Islamic Environments (2000)

Digital British Islam

UWTSD, £800k ESRC funding awarded to new UWTSD led research project

This relates to a new research project:

"The three-year project, entitled ‘Digital British Islam: How do Cyber Islamic Environments impact everyday life?’, is an innovative multi-institution project led by Professor Gary R. Bunt. As the Principal Investigator, Professor Bunt will work in collaboration with Co-Investigator Dr Sariya Cheruvallil-Contractor (Coventry University) and Co-Investigator Professor Frédéric Volpi (University of Edinburgh). The team also includes two research fellows, Dr Khadijah Elshayyal and Dr Sadek Hamid, along with two Post-Doctoral Research Assistants (to be appointed)."

Digital British Islam website

Digital Islam Across Europe

Edinburgh University, Experts assess digital impact on Muslim lives

This is a press release from Edinburgh University on the CHANSE-funded Digital Islam across Europe project. I'm a Co-Investigator on this one. Edinburgh is the lead insitution, working with Coventry and UWTSD on the UK strand of the project. European partners are in Sweden, Poland, Lithuania, and Spain. More details to follow.

Forthcoming Keynote


I'm giving a keynote lecture at the 'Sharia in Transition' conference at Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, 29-30 September 2022. (PDF) .

The event is organised by Dr. Mahmud El-Wereny and Prof. Dr. Alexander-Kenneth Nagel. My 'Allah Algorithm' keynote looks at religious authority and the internet. Check out the programme for details of speakers/presentations.

New Publication: Heştek İslam


Recent Publication


Gary R. Bunt, 'The Net Imam Effect: Digital Contestation of #Islam and Religious Authority', chapter in Cyber Muslims: Mapping Islamic Digital Media in the Internet Age, Robert Rozehnal (Anthology Editor), Bloomsbury, 2022

Hashtag Islam - Video

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